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Work Access Complete Design Guide

Work Access Complete Design Guide

This is a complete application guide for designing work access platform lifts and it includes photographs and movies that illustrate optional features as well as views of completed units to help explain the full scope of customization that is available. Our goal is to stir your imagination so that working together we can optimize a design to fit your application perfectly.

Our White Paper ”Work Access Lift Application Guide” is a condensed 2 page PDF version of this site that can be printed as a handout and used as an offline work reference. Please scroll this entire website before printing the White Paper so that you can benefit from the many extra details that we offer in this complete design guide.

WHY USE WORK ACCESS LIFTS: Safety is the prime purpose of all work access lifts. They are designed to move production personnel, their tools and materials to ergonomically sound work positions to enhance both worker safety and efficiency. The alternatives to these lifts include ladders, scaffolding or simply allowing workers to work in awkward, tiring or dangerous positions.

WHERE TO USE WORK ACCESS LIFTS: Production applications are broadly varied and may include welding, painting, assembly, fabrication, inspection and maintenance. Because each application is unique to the task being performed and the object being worked on, each lift must be custom designed to the specific application. This guide is designed to help you organize and prioritize your requirements so they may be resolved into appropriate specifications for your work access lift.

PLATFORM SIZE AND CONFIGURATION:

1. Overall size: The first consideration is the overall room required for personnel, tools, materials and work aids such as tables, work benches, jib cranes, tool cribs or boxes, and any other items that will enhance worker efficiency. Be sure that the surface area is large enough so that personnel are not crowded or cramped. Adequate maneuvering room is only assured when everything on the platform is accounted for including the maximum number of personnel. A good starting point is to draw a scaled plan view of the work object outline and the adjacent access lift platform outline with top views of all of the objects that you intend to place on the lift. This is your best insurance that there will be adequate room for everything on the platform.

2. Cut outs and or platform extensions: The scaled drawing of the work object and the lift platform can also be used to determine if any platform extensions or cut outs are required. When a straight sided platform does not interface well with the item being worked on, the foot print of the lifting mechanism beneath the work surface often dictates whether it makes more sense to provide platform extensions or to provide platform cut outs. Sometimes both are needed. Extensions may be permanent, fold down (hinged) or powered horizontal extensions. Obviously the more complicated the more expensive.Be sure that we are provided an accurate dimensioned sketch of the plat for moutline that is required. With over 1500 standardproducts, small increments can determine whether a standard lifting mechanism can be used or a more expensive custom engineered lift will be required. We will let you know if there is a near miss to a standard product that can save you money.

3. Shear point elimination: When a platform is being elevated to a work height, it is important that personnel on the platform are protected from any shear points that may be created between the edge of the moving platform and the adjacent work object. The easiest way to check this is to draw a side view profile of the interface between the work object and the vertical movement of the platform edge. Projections on the work object are the danger points which may require accommodation. There are many options. One is to simply position the lift to create a minimum of a 4” gap between the platform and the work object. Controls can be positioned on the platform so that the operator must stand back from the working edge in order to elevate the platform. Hinged platform extensions can be used to create a large gap during platform elevation and then lowered to the horizontal position when actual work is being done. Vertical rising guardrails, swing gates or removable handrails can be used during elevating operations. These barriers can then be moved out of the way when the lift is positioned and the actual work begins. Mobile units may be elevated away from work object and then propelled next to the work object after the desired work height is achieved. In some instances simple signage to stand back and hold onto guardrails during elevating operations may suffice. Industrial engineers can be very creative as long as they remember to address this issue and protect the riders during the lift movement.

4. Platform surfaces: These may be embossed safety tread which is most common, smooth steel with silica sand for slip resistance, open grating, rubber mats or wood surfaces. The metal surfaces can be carbon steel, stainless steel, or aluminum and may be finished with industrial enamel, epoxy paint, zinc finishes such as Galvacon or stainless steel finished with products like Steel-it. Hot dipped galvanizing is not recommended as it may cause warping. Platform extensions may be different material than the basic platform.

5. Safety options: There is a large array of safety options to consider. Guardrails can be designed in any configuration and they can be equipped with many styles of gates or chains to suit the applications. They can be vertical folding, swinging, removable and retracting into the platform. There can be electrical interlocks to prevent vertical movement unless guardrails or gates are in place. Electric eyes can be used. Bellows can be used to cover scissor leg assemblies. Personnel harnesses can be used. Common sense is the primary guide.

6. Other options: Work aids such as those mentioned in paragraph 1 above can be added by either the customer or the lift manufacturer. Jib cranes which cantilever loads over the edge of the platform must be approved by the manufacturer to be sure tipping moments are acceptable. Portability options must be added by the lift manufacturer and are discussed on the next page.

CAPACITY: Once you have completed your shopping list of work aids to place on the platform, you can begin to add up the total weight on board. Add the weight of the tools, materials and work aids. Add the weight of the live load (personnel) and do not forget that every once in a while, extra supervisors may wish to come along. Most manufacturers size their lifts in 2000lb. increments so you can round up to the next multiple of 2000 lbs. Do not worry about adding any safety factors as reputable lift builders build to ANSI code MH29.1 which requires 3 to 1 safety factors.

TRAVEL: Determine the lift height that you must reach. Subtract the lowered height of the stored platform lift and that will yield the travel required. Note that most single scissor lifts can only provide vertical travel that is 75% of the platform length or less. If the platform length is too short for the desired travel, then we will have to go to a multiple scissor lift. This is fine except the cost of multiple scissors is greater than the cost of single scissor lifts so if you are close, it may be less expensive to get a platform longer than you need. Also, multiple scissor lifts have a higher lowered height than single scissor lifts, therefore a step may have to be added on the end or side of the lift. If you are going to add a portability feature, be aware that this may add 2” to 10” to the lowered height depending upon the specific features required.

POWER UNITS: Typical power requirements are 230/460 v. 60 Hz. 3 ph. Other voltages are available on request. The power unit locations are most commonly beneath the platforms, but larger units may require locating the bulkier power units adjacent to the lifts or in some cases mounted on the platforms.

CONTROLS: The only kind of controls allowed in ANSI MH29.1 for rider scissor lifts are constant pressure pushbuttons located on the platforms. They may be permanently mounted in fixed locations or they may be on coil cords. Automated “send” “call” buttons are not allowed. Manual lowering valves on the base of the unit may be added for lowering if there is a power outage and limit switches for the top of travel may also be added.

PORTABILITY FEATURES: ANSI MH29.1 does not allow for drive around portable lifts such as self propelled work platforms covered by ANSI 92.6. The MH29.1 units are limited to self propelled units that are guided in some way such as on tracks. Units equipped with fork pockets or lifting eyes for pick and place portability are common. Manually propelled scissor lifts are covered by ANSI 92.3 and these units with casters may require outriggers and floor locks and are well within our capabilities.

The uniqueness of each work access lift application rules out any standard lift model, but with a little forethought and problem analysis, excellent solutions are fairly easy to achieve. The advantages of lifts over ladders and scaffolding are obvious and the benefits of worker comfort, efficiency and safety means the payback period on these investments are usually very short. We at Advance Lifts have built many configurations of work access lifts and are eager to help you design a perfect fit for your application.

Work Access lift options

Photos and Movies

TYPICAL PLAN VIEWS

Typical plan view 1
Typical-plan-view_2
Typical-plan-view_3

 

 

 

CURVED PLATFORMS

curved-plan

 

 

 

INTENTED PLATFORMS

indented platforms

 

 

PLATFORMS EXTENSIONS

platform extension

 

 

GUIDED ROLLING PLATFORMS

guided-rolling-paltform

 

 

ARTICULATED STAIRS

articulated stairs 1
articulated stairs 2

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